Floors on ground are thermally insulated to ensure micro climate in the above premises and reduce heat losses during the cold season. There are 2 technological solutions possible for mounting a floor thermal insulation system. One of the solutions is used for thermally insulating the existing floor when the thermal insulation layer is placed on the existing floor construction. In terms of technical thermal insulation, it is better to employ a solution when thermal insulation layer is embedded under a concrete layer. A hydro insulation layer should be used in both solutions to protect the thermal insulation layer from the effects of ground waters.
Thermally insulating an existing floor
Before placing a thermal insulation layer, one must always assess the existing floor, clean it from dirt and, if necessary, level the floor. Unevenness of floor structures will not allow you to create a durable thermal insulation layer because it can start to crack and the structure can lose its durability. Since the ground composition below the floor is probably unknown, before placing foam rubber you should create a steam and water insulation. The floor insulation should have 2 layers so that the second layer would cover the lower layer’s connection sites and there would be no penetrable connections. There should be a leveling concrete layer above the thermal insulation layer. If thermal insulation is constructed in premises where a flow of people is designed, an under-floor heating system could be designed by the use of TENAPORS TERMO plates and pipes affixed to the armature placed for durability of the concrete layer.